From Communpedia The transformation problem is a problem in classical and Marxian economics. It appears in the work of Ricardo where he notes a difficulty in equating values, as given by his labour theory of value (LTV), to prices – the problem there being that given reasonable assumptions about competition, differences in the proportion of labour to non-labour costs ..

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From Communpedia When imported from Wikipedia this article had a hatnote suggesting that the article needed a “cleanup”, general improvement in content and references. Backed by the United States Main page: :Category:Dictators backed by the United States Dictators backed by the United States (or, as some have called them, “Friendly Dictators“) often rise to power through bloody CIA-backed ..

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The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is a democratic nation, as of early 2012 governed by a Bolivarian government. It formally achieved independence from imperialist Spain in 1811, although the war with Spain continued until 1823, and then as Gran Colombia until 1825. From 1948 to 1958 the country was ruled by a brutal right-wing dictatorship, dominated by Marcos Pérez Jiménez. [1] Following this was a period of comparative democracy, ..

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The term dictatorship has two possible meanings: In Marxism, dictatorship refers to the rule of a certain class over society, as used in the terms dictatorship of the proletariat or dictatorship of the bourgeoisie. In contemporary usage, dictatorship means the imposition of a rule on others who do not consent to it. Dictatorship and representative democracy Sometimes dictatorship is wrongly used in contrast to (representative) democracy. ..

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